The first paragraph that you write is an introductory paragraph. An introductory paragraph should follow the following format.
I. Introductory paragraph:
a. Opening statement(s) that introduce the topic of the essay.
b. Statements that establish the importance or significance of the topic (Think about how the content of the essay will positively impact or influence the reader).
c. A preview of the structure of the essay
d. A thesis statement—think about the point or main argument that you wish to make.
e. A transition statement that indicates that you have finished the introductory paragraph and are about to start discussing the ody of the essay.
The body of the essay contains body paragraphs. The body paragraphs are designed to advance or explain your thesis statement. You should include as many body paragraphs as logically necessary. Please remember each body paragraph should include only one topic. There are five areas that you need to cover for this essay, so it would seem logical that you would minimally include five different body paragraphs. The body paragraphs should follow he following structure.
II. Body paragraph: main point 1
a. Clearly articulated topic sentence (should support the thesis statement)
b. A statement explaining, describing, defining, illustrating or upporting (may include direct or indirect references based pon relevant and credible academic sources)
c. A statement explaining, describing, defining, illustrating or upporting (may include direct or indirect references based upon relevant and credible academic sources)
d. A statement explaining, describing, defining, illustrating or supporting (may include direct or indirect references based upon relevant and credible academic sources)
e. Transitional statement pointing the reader to the next point of discussion.
III. Body paragraph: main point 2 (see above paragraph structure)
IV. Body paragraph: main point 3
The conclusion ‘wraps up’ the essay—it reminds the audience about what they have just read. The conclusion is not complicated in structure, but it is very important because it is the last part of the essay that a reader reads.
This means that this paragraph is the last opportunity to make your case for quality or cogency of your work. Generally speaking, conclusions that are illogical or partial would suggest that the preceding information is illogical or partial. The conclusion must reflect the following structure.
a. Restate your thesis
b. Summarize your main points—in doing so you should demonstrate how these points support and advance your thesis.
c. Close with a broad capstone statement that provides a call for action/recommendation/predation/evaluation). Given that this specific essay asks you to review and evaluate an academic article, it seems logical that the capstone statement for this essay would be evaluative—that is the statement makes a value judgment about the article that you have written about.