Psychology is the study
of human behaviour and the mind; it studies
the functioning of the mind and its effect on the behaviour of the human. It is divided into two types:
When we talk about
psychology, we are most probably talking about basic psychology. It is related
to the pure research which is done with
the basic motive of collecting information and seeking knowledge.
Applied psychology is what
focuses on the research and taking action accordingly. It involves the
implementation of the findings of research.
BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY AND ITS
people still imagine a psychologist as a person sitting in front of
another who is lying on a couch telling what happens, but the psychology is a very broad field that goes
necessary to start from the basis that the human being is complex so that
within psychology there are professionals of psychology that focus on
perception, learning, memory, language, thinking or the way of
reasoning. We can highlight the following branches of general psychology:
Clinical and Health Psychology
It is one
of the branches of psychology most
well-known is responsible for integrating science, theory and practice to
understand, predict, investigate and intervene the more or less severe
psychological problems that affect the quality of life of people, subsequently
promoting adaptation, adjustment, well-being and personal development of the
This branch has primary
theoretical orientations, such as:
and humanistic family therapy
the main practices of this discipline is psychotherapy, the diagnosis of
disorders, in addition to teaching, administration, research, forensic
testimony and program development.
clinical psychologist focuses functionally on the intellectual, emotional,
biological, psychological, social and behavioural aspects of human performance
throughout the life of a person, adapting to different cultures and
psychological alterations have to do with mental disorders, these professionals
work together with other health professionals in the diagnosis, prognosis,
intervention and control of these alterations. Its main fields of work
· Clinical Psychogeriatric
· Clinical Neuropsychology
in its various theoretical currents
is influenced by the nervous system, both thoughts, emotions and
feelings take place in the brain, so this speciality is essential for psychology.
It is used to obtain a better
knowledge and understanding of human behaviour, both for the positive aspects
and to have more information about the disorders and those brain areas that are
His specialisation combines the disciplines of both psychology and
neurology. Its objective is to analyse the functioning of the
brain about mental processes and
thus check if there is any alteration. It also helps us to understand better behaviours that are
addictive or obsessive, explaining how
our reward system behaves.
Thanks to this speciality we can understand behavioural
changes that arise from a brain injury, a brain tumour or a
disease that has damaged the nervous system, such as Alzheimer's or
Psychology of education and
This branch of psychology focuses
exclusively on learning processes. It specialises in the educational
resources to use techniques and strategies to facilitate learning, especially for
the people who have difficulties in the execution of their capabilities.
The term education is more
complex than the one that is focused only on a school
activity. With education, this discipline also understands the needs that
can be presented in any field of learning, whether for a competitive
examination, employee training or courses that help improve a social
That's why it goes far beyond the
schools. For educators, it is an
excellent way to understand the needs and difficulties of their students.
In the psychology of
development, the objective is to know the behavioural changes that occur in
each of the stages of development. It supposes an understanding of the
maturational process that goes from childhood to old age.
Both branches are linked to
education and development since they complement each other, attending to the
development of an individual and the stage in which he finds himself to acquire
certain learning evolutionary.
Athletes, especially the elite,
need this branch of psychology to face all the difficulties and challenges that
are presented to them. The effort,
discipline and motivation in this area are fundamental issues. The sports
psychologist aims to implement strategies for
athletes to have greater physical and psychological performance,
leading them to improve their results.
The athlete needs to be in an
optimal situation to take full advantage of their abilities and
make the most of their possibilities. It is also important to
consult a sports psychologist in
situations where there is an injury, a
crisis and possible failures; so, you can continue your sports career
without falling apart.
Social psychology has as its
specific interest the links and interactions in human relationships. What
happens to the individual in a specific context, studying how it is influenced by the group and the environment
in which it develops. The vast majority of our reactions,
concerns, emotions and thoughts are in relation
to other people.
The process of socialisation and the context in
which we offer the answers is
what social psychology is concerned about, trying to explain behaviours of all
kinds, typical of the human being. This branch of psychology has a certain
relationship with sociology and even with anthropology.
Other branches within
psychology are the psychology of work and organisations,
the psychology of marketing and consumer, sexology and couples therapy,
forensic psychology, traffic psychology and security. And other branches
that appear, adapting to the needs of our development and evolution as human