We use language to communicate and share our ideas, feelings and opinions with others. There are many aspects that make English an important language for communication in the 21st century. This first is, it is the most prevalent foreign language! Secondly, people from different countries generally use English in communication and businesses. So, it is the most popular language that people learn in order to connect globally and to communicate with people from different countries around the world.
IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH AS PRIMARY AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE
In many countries, children are motivated to learn English as a second language. This is because it is the dominant language in the sciences. Many of the researches and studies available in any scientific branch are written in English.
At the level of higher education, various institutions around the world offer programs in English in order to make the study material more accessible for foreign students.
On the Internet, most websites have been created and written in English, even those in other languages offer the alternative of being translated into English.
According to the World Economic Forum 2018, English remains the third most used language in the world, because it is the language of business. Therefore, the demand to learn it has been reflected in the existence of a number of specialized centres that teach us to write and speak it correctly.
DIVISION OF ENGLISH STUDIESThere are many branches of English at the academic level. The major of which are:· History of the English language - The main objective of this subject is that students become familiar with the most important changes that have affected the English language from its origins to the eighteenth century in all its linguistic subsystems: orthographic-phonological, morphosyntactic and lexical-semantic.· Composition studies – The courses under this branch fall in the range of basic courses to advanced courses that include the study of grammar, composition, reading comprehension, vocabulary building, conversation, essay and short story. The course also includes oral and written practice by means of compositions related to these literary forms.· Linguistics – The courses under this section study the faculty of “the language”. It includes a panoramic introduction to linguistics and the study of language, giving special attention to English. Special emphasis is given to phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, historical change and social and regional variations.· Technical communication – Practical application of the English language in various business or occupational settings come under this. This includes Using in English in banking and money, curriculum vitae, interviews, speaking on the telephone as well as vocabulary and useful expressions, ways to find a job, writing emails etc. Most of the courses are aimed at teaching the writing principles, document designing, formatting, accurate grammatical forms and construction, mechanics and punctuation in business-related communication (both vocal and documentary).· English Literature – This is a vast subject and everything that is written in English (fiction or non-fiction) can be covered under this. It includes the most significant movements, stages, genres, works and authors in a diachronic journey through English Literature; texts belonging to the different periods (beginning with Anglo Saxons and Chaucer and towards the contemporary literature). It also includes aspects of literary history, critical analysis, philosophy, psychology and linguistics.