Electrical engineering is undoubtedly one of the pillars of engineering in all aspects. There is a common belief that the electrical engineer's work field is limited to electrical installations.
While it is true that electrical engineers have the knowledge to work in the installation of networks, both in buildings and in homes, it is common to find this type of professionals in areas as diverse as automation, since base being a career, it has the fundamentals to adapt almost to any discipline.
WHAT IS ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Electrical engineering is the area that is responsible for the systems of generation, transmission and distribution of electricity.
With the industrial revolution and the significant advances in electricity generation that took place in the nineteenth century and through the technological advances of the 50's in electronics and communications through networks, the field of occupation of the electrical engineer has been growing along with technology.
There are different fields of the discipline, the most common are:
- Automation: It is responsible for defining the type of hardware (axis, engine), as well as projecting the logical operation of the system in order to eliminate repetitive tasks. Moving from a mathematical model from the sheet of paper to having an automated system is the recent question in the engineers’ mind and the area of research.
- Construction industry: In the same way that plans are needed for the structure of a building (made by civil engineers and architects), plans are required for carrying out the electrical installation. One of the most important points is the compilation of the system with the help of a series of regulations on construction safety, so in the same way that the food engineer has to know the rules on health, an electrical engineer should know in-depth regulations.
- Telecommunications: Already designing data transmission systems or images, electrical engineering is one of the most scientific areas, so it is common to see that the most famous scientists of our time hold that university degree.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER TASKS
- Discuss the possible or current electrical engineering projects and the products with the relevant parties (engineers, clients, etc.)
- Prepare documents related to the contract; e.g., for construction or maintenance.
- Design and improve electrical circuits, components, systems, equipment, etc.
- Prepare budgets of time and cost of materials.
- Prepare the specifications for the purchase of materials and equipment.
- Develop standards (e.g., installation, maintenance and operating standards) and specifications of electrical systems, equipment and products.
- Implement and maintain electrical circuits, components, systems, equipment, etc.
- Supervise electrical engineering projects; for example, installations, modifications, tests and operations of electrical systems, equipment or products.
- Inspect electrical systems, equipment or finished products.
- Investigate and resolve technical failures.
ELECTRICAL AND POWER ENGINEERING
Master's Degree in Electrical Engineering, with a mention in Power, is oriented towards an eminently formal practice which successfully addressing everything related to problems as well as challenges that are typical systematic part of the energy sector.
INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Electric Power, deals with what refers to:
- Large circuits of something voltage
- Control systems
- Residential facilities
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING
There always arises confusion related to what Electrical Engineering and Electronic Engineering denote. In fact, there are marked differences between them.
Electrical is the field of engineering and applied physics related to the design and application of devices, usually electronic circuits, whose operation depends on the flow of electrons for the generation, transmission, reception, storage of information, among others.
This information may consist of voice or music such as in a radio receiver, in an image on a television screen, or in numbers or other data on a computer. Electronics, on the other hand, offers different functions in its circuits to process this information, including the amplification of weak signals up to a level that can be used; the generation of radio waves; the extraction of information, such as the recovery of the sound signal of a radio wave (demodulation); the control, as in the case of introducing a sound signal to radio waves (modulation), and logical operations, such as the electronic processes that take place in computers.