Constitutional law comprises of the laws written in the state and federal constitutions. Most of its laws are developed from the rulings of federal and state supreme court interpreting the constitutions and making sure that constitutional limits are not violated by the laws passed by the legislature.
The issues related to constitution involve the Bill of Rights, containing the amendments to the constitution. The rights written in the amendments are the freedom of speech, the right of freedom from discriminations, right to a trial.
The states are defined with their constitutions consisting of most of the same rights described in the U.S. Constitution. But there are some additional rights given under the constitution of some of the states, but that must not violate the federal rights.
It also comprises the power and right of the government branches. There are three branches defined by the federal and state constitution, and certain responsibilities are assigned to all of them. The disputes among the branches are solved by the constitutional lawyers if any.
Bill of rights
These are defined as the first ten amendments in the constitution consisting of the fundamental rights to the individuals including freedom of speech, press, religion and the assurance of the fastest jury trial in the criminal cases providing the protection from cruel and unfair punishments.
The legislative branch plays the role of creating the law. It is the branch that writes for government, debate and passes the law too. It is the term referred to U.S. government commonly, but some branches belong to state and city also.
It is the branch of state and federal government which holds the responsibility of implementation, support and enforcement of the laws that legislative branch made. The governors and their staff members usually form the executive branch at the state level.
The Judicial Branch is in charge of enforcing the laws that exist in our country, protecting rights and deciding what happens to people and institutions that do not comply with them. We seek that our officials act in the benefit of the rights of citizens.
Check and balance
It is the system made to permit the government branches for making amendments in the acts or reject the acts of another branch so that no one branch holds more power than the other.
Due process clause
Due process clause is one of the clauses of the U.S. Constitution that is formed on the basis of the moral principles that create a body of the system of rights. Under this law, the government is obligated to respect all the laws that grant certain rights to the citizens within due process principle.
The law grants the power to the Congress to limit the power of the states related to the regulation of the economy. There are around four different types of interpretations of the commerce clause that are in existence. The first interpretation marks that the commerce clause provides direct powers to Congress to govern and regulate state economy.
Under the second explanation, the commerce clause is perceived to be a provider of concurrent power to Congress and the states. The third observation is that the power zones of both state and the Congress are completely separate.
The final and the fourth interpretation says that there is some power retained by the state and the Congress in case the power is divested by the clause for the regulation of the commerce.