There is no doubt that higher education will continue to be decisive in the future, but it seems clear that universities need a huge facelift. Most of the universities have a rigid structure, adapting very slowly to changes, and in a world, like the present, this is not an option.
Higher education needs to adopt new technologies as soon as possible. What is more important is making structural changes that allow offering the education that is demanded at every moment: it is no longer worth changing the curriculum every twenty years.
"Democracy is the last barrier that technology needs to conquer."
There are various key elements that will allow universities to adapt to the new times. These are discussed in the article-
1. Personalized learning
The most advanced universities are already using artificial intelligence algorithms to personalize learning and offer content that adapts to the needs of students and their learning pace, a trend that will continue to grow.
Numerous investigations show that different people have different skills, aptitudes and orientations to learn when exposed to the same contents and learning environments. Well-versed teachers of reputed universities say that offering adaptive and personalized learning platforms recognize the diversity that is part of the learning ecosystem. Moreover, "This will be a significant change for universities, as it moves away from the traditional model of a curriculum for all.
There is no doubt, furthermore, that universities will have to invent more flexible academic offers that adapt to the needs of the labor market, something essential to compete with the increasingly powerful online learning platforms by courses.
Many authors, offering best essay help online already think that, in many cases, careers and degrees will disappear as we knew them, and higher education will be provided in a set of flexible courses, more similar to current postgraduate programs, during a large part of working life.
2. Distance and flexible learning Just as the academic offer will have to be more flexible, so will the way classes be taught. This does not mean that face-to-face classes will disappear, but taking into account that more and more people will combine studies and work, and teaching will be increasingly practical, flexibility in this sense will be essential. New technologies will also allow physical classes to be more interactive, allowing, for example, the participation of students or teachers who are not in the classroom.
3. Smart campus The "internet of things" will transform life on campus. The classrooms will be equipped with devices that allow adapting the space to each specific need. In this sense, there will be a major change in security: the supervision of attendance and exams will also be automated and will be much more robust. The development of the technology will also allow smart campuses to adopt advanced systems to automatically monitor and control all facilities, be they parking, building alarms, use of classrooms, heating or lighting, with the consequent saving of costs.
4. Better attention to the student (and less bureaucracy) As everyone who has studied a career knows, the secretaries of the universities tend to be chaotic: the information is confusing, the registration complicated and the bureaucracy for any procedure an arduous task. But artificial intelligence can be very useful to expedite all these procedures. A pioneering example is that of Deakin University in Australia, which has reached an agreement with IBM to implement its Watson supercomputer in student service. This computer combines artificial intelligence and sophisticated analytical software to answer user questions.
5. Analysis of the performance of students and researchers The blockchain technology - or chain of blocks, will be decisive in the future, also in the university environment. Broadly speaking, the blockchain is a way of transmitting data by which all those involved in the process have the information of what has happened in each transmission of information. This allows total transparency and greater security, something tremendously useful in the university environment. The blockchain would also allow being much more rigorous in matters such as validations or stays, which would greatly speed up the exchange of students and researchers between centers. The blockchain can also be used to register intellectual property rights that arise from academic research and would serve to track whether reuse for impact evaluations.