Storage System in Database Management System

The storage of the databased takes place in the files. Moreover, we have file formats for their proper storage. These file formats contain the records. If we talk about the physical storage of the databases, then it happens in the electromagnetic format available on the same device. There are three categories under this broad area of storage of the databases. Read the concept o...

Normalization in Database Management System

Functional Dependency  The attributes which are about each other have a set of constraints, and those constraints are called functional dependency. In the concept of FD, functional dependency, if two tuples share the same values of attributes A1, A2. Moreover, so on, then it is fixed that those two tuples have the same values for the other set of attributes, let’s s...

Types and Components of Effective Work Teams

Organizations hire individuals, and they make teams, these teams are building blocks of the organizational structure. The work teams are the group of individuals who come together to accomplish a shared target. The productivity of any organization depends upon the efficiency of its teams. Therefore having high-performance teams is the goal of every company. The individuals who ...

The Concept of Personality in OB and Factors Affecting It

Every human being has his/her unique identity which is made up of the combination of different qualities and characteristics. The personality of the person speaksa lot about the values, behaviour and attitude of a person. The personality of an individual can be defined as the ways in which he/she reacts to a particular situation or interact with other people who come in contact...

Various Challenges in Organizational Behavior for Managers

Every organization has the goal of continuously improving its effectiveness, and for that, the managers have to understand the impact of behaviours of people working with it. The knowledge of the human capital and efficiency to apply that knowledge has a significant effect on the productivity of the employees as well as the whole company. Organizational behaviour is the study o...

Organizational Behavior and Workforce Diversity

Organizational behaviour is an essential field of study which gives us the idea about the impact of the human behaviour on the organizational working. This is a crucial subject in the MBA curriculum,and it is taught to the students in the first year so that everyone can understand the importance of the individual and interpersonal behaviour of people in the organization. The hu...

Scales to Measure the Employee Morale

Employee morale is the term that helps the managers to know about the working conditions of the employees. The employees with low morale would not have a positive attitude towards the organisation. The attitude of the employees is always affected by some things. You just read the factors that affect the morale of the employees. It becomes difficult for the managers to deal with...

Factors That Improve the Morale of Employees

To build the morale of the employees is very important for the organisation. It is the responsibility of the managers to make efforts so that they can bring improvement in the employees. And that check can be made on the individual and group basis and the most preferable is the group technique. The reason behind this is the group have an easy influence on the people and there c...

Major Causes of Low Morale in Employees

Low morale of the employee refers to a situation that makes the employee disinterested in working in the organisation. There can be certain reasons that can affect the morale of the employees and it also depends upon the leader and the manager that is not able to address the problems of the employees and to motivate them. The employees are not happy with the present position in...

Key Factors Affecting Employee Morale

What is morale? Morale can be defined as a condition of the brain or the attitude of the groups and the individuals that identify their intention to work and maintain co-operation among the employees. In other words, we can say that it is the phenomenon of the group that studies the attitudes that are favourable and unfavourable. It is the human behaviour that expresses the a...

The Political Theory of Language

It is said 'true' referred to the supposed deceit of those who would not know their 'true' needs, interests, preferences, and they would not be 'truly free'. The distinctions merely linguistic problems do not solve our problems: We need principles morals and arguments that support them. We do not intend to answer the question of why there is a political philosophy. We want to a...

Ideological and Mythological Theory of Language

Given the phenomenon of language, we find it as one of the most surprising and complex human events. We have to dare to say that there has been no civilization on this space stone that has not felt the need to explain something to you. Consistent with their magical conception of themselves and their surroundings, the early peoples believed that the language was given by a divin...

What is Language: Relationship Between Speech and Language

Let's say, then, that the language and the various ways in which it manifests itself (oral, pictorial, musical, sculptural, narrative, poetic, cinematographic, technical, scientific, academic, etc.) is the maximum production of the civilization or rather: the language is one of the major elements involved in a dialectical complexity that has humanized us; and among those who fi...

The Impact and Functions of Language

What makes us different from the rest of biological creations is precisely the language. Let's see it as the maximum civilizational make; product of a dilated, hazardous, difficult and complex transportation of the human group on the surface of this rock that wanders between an ocean of cosmic dust, tongues of heat and waves of magnetism. Let's say that the language is the res...

Effective Ways to Improve Non-Verbal Communication

According to experts, 80% of the communication is non-verbal because they are commonly said to be 70 to 110 words per minute, but in that same minute in the brain, there are around 800 words, so all the words that are not said are expressed through the body. For this reason, the body language and non-verbal communication workshop reviewed the characteristic points on which bod...

Active Listening Skills for Enhanced Communication

Active listening skills are the one significant factor in the process of effective communication. Not all of us are proficient and competent with the heavily dependent aspect of effective communication. Conveying respect and interest to the other person is another additional motive of effective listening. If you have the possession of the ability of problem-solving and satisfyi...

Comprehending The Communication Process

As we have read the introduction and definition of communication skills, now we must give a read to the communication process. The process begins with unravelling the interpersonal communication and the related complexity for comprehending the procedure of the occurrence of communication. This is the only way of getting to the problems in the areas. Communication is an active ...

Introduction and Definition of Effective Communication Skills

The sort of abilities which help us step up the success ladder is the communication skills. These are the capabilities which are critical to successful change, and evolution is the set of communication-based abilities of an individual. We are our selves responsible for the development of the knowledge base, and the performance of the specific tasks is also in our hand. What is ...

Uses and Limitations of Organisational Charts

The organisational charts are used for the representation of the whole reporting structure of the organisations. This is also known as organogram. These charts show the complete hierarchy of the organisation and also used for the research and development purpose. The charts are made in almost all the organisations, and the managers take great help from them. The charts of the ...

Principles of Organising for Advanced Learning

These are the statements and the guidelines that are well-established and are used in the process of organisation. These principles are considered as the guidelines for the managers which are helpful for the effective relationship among the employees of the organisation. There have many famous authors that have formulated these principles, and with the passage of time, there ha...