ARTICLE: Virginia Woolf as a Feminist Critic

Virginia Woolf was considered one of the most significant figures of London society during the interwar period, becoming part of honour groups such as Bloomsbury. 1905 was the year that Virginia Woolf took her first steps in the literary world. In spite of carrying out renovating acts such as breaking with previous narrative schemes, the author did not receive the support or the consideration on the part of the critic. It was not until the publication of her masterpieces, Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse, that critics began to admire and praise her originality. The technique and the experimental eagerness of the author stand out clearly in these works, to the point that Woolf came to introduce images of poetry in her writings.

Influenced by writers and philosophers like Henri Bergson, Woolf experimented with narrative time and made disappear all traces of action and intrigue in her narratives, trying to capture the changing and ungraspable life of consciousness. What truly characterized her work and made it one of the great treasures of literature was the author's perseverance in finding a new path for the novel, moving away from the prevailing realism at that time, in addition to the abandonment of the history convention, as well as the traditional description of the characters.

His essays were also subject to criticism and praise, even years after her publications. All of them, and especially A Room of One’s Own, served this author to proclaim herself as one of the main promoters and symbols of the feminist movement. Woolf's reputation declined sharply after the Second World War, but her eminence was re-established with the rise of feminist criticism in the 1970s.

Despite her great success, Virginia Woolf's life was full of great emotional ups and downs. Since she was young, she suffered from a mental illness that is now known as bipolar disorder. After finishing the manuscript of her latest novel, the author sank into a new depression, which together with the outbreak of the Second World War, the destruction of her house in London or the cold reception that her biography had about her friend Roger Fry, the They took to end their life on March 26, 1941. Virginia Woolf cut her life by putting on her coat, filling her pockets with stones and throwing herself into the Ouse river near her home. Her body was not found until April 18; later her husband ordered that she be buried under a tree in Rodmell, Sussex.

An intense and virtuous woman as well as all her creations, Virginia Woolf marked a before and after in the thinking of her contemporaries. Her strength, struggle and dedication to gain a foothold in the literary world consolidated her as one of the most powerful women of the 20th century. Emblematic figure of literary modernism personified feminist movement, Woolf won a place among the most outstanding authors of all time. A place that she still conserves.

Many critics came after her in the 21st century about whom you can read in Critics and Incendiaries in The 21st Century Literature.