ARTICLE: Types and Components of Effective Work Teams

Organizations hire individuals, and they make teams, these teams are building blocks of the organizational structure. The work teams are the group of individuals who come together to accomplish a shared target. The productivity of any organization depends upon the efficiency of its teams. Therefore having high-performance teams is the goal of every company. The individuals who create a work team have different skills and capabilities, and when they come together to work with each other, they perform to achieve a common target which is given to them.

The work teams share information with each other so that the procedures and operations of the team do not halt due to any reason. Different individuals having different capabilities and skills take decisions according to their knowledge which has an impact on the working of the entire team. Those teams are regarded as good or high-performance teams where the team members help each other to achieve their targets so that they can collectively accomplish their common goal.

Those teams usually achieve their targets more effectively which have members of different backgrounds and personalities. It is always good to have teams with diverse skill sets and competencies of people. The personality of the individuals also has a considerable effect on the performance of the team working and its overall performance. The aspect of personality of people also affect the teams significantly, and you can understand the factors which influence the shaping of individual personality in the article “The Concept of Personality in OB and Factors Affecting It”.

Different types of work teams

The management’s goal is to create a positive environment in the organization where the individuals and the teams can work together to increase the performance. Hen the companies have great teams then their productivity increases significantly. There are four types of work teams which are found in different organizations which are explained as below:

 

  1. The problem-solving teams

The problem solving by teams are those teams comprise of ten to twelve employees of one department who discuss the ways with which they can improve the efficiency of their processes, and the quality of their products and services. They can meet every week for some hours so that they can take the views of every team member. The individuals site their problems in these meetings and then the whole team brainstorm for arriving at the most suitable alternative as a solution to that problem. Every week the team can focus on solving one problem and then execute the plan which is decided upon by the whole team.

  1. The self-managed teams

The individuals or teams which work closely in the very interrelated tasks form the self-managed teams. In these teams usually, the subordinates get the authority from their immediate superiors or supervisors. These are the operational teams where the individuals come together and plan and schedule the work according to the necessities and requirements of a particular task, and assign the task to members of the team. The responsibility of taking action on the plan which is made by the managers is also of the self-managed team, and they also work closely with the suppliers and the distributors so that the raw materials and the finished goods can be transported and delivered time. The organization which give the liberty to their teams to choose the members themselves reap better results because the self-managed and self-developed teams when working with enthusiasm and focus prove to be the biggest asset for any company.

  1. The virtual teams

The organizations these can have their operations in remote areas, and the individuals do not have to be physically present in one location to discuss matters with each other. The advancements in the computer technology have enabled the employees present in different parts of the world to work along with each other with the help of audio and video techniques.

  1. The Cross-functional teams

When the employees from different departments come together to work on a single project, then those teams are called as the cross-functional teams. These teams are made for some projects and are temporary. Once the projects get over, then the individual employees of different departments go back to their departments and take their usual duties.

Components of high-performance teams

The high performing teams are those where the individuals achieve their targets, and they lead the teams to achieve the overall targets set for them. Good work teas have some common companies which are discussed here. Effective teams take collective responsibility to reach their signified goal by working together for it. These teams are designed very thoughtfully, and here the people have authority to take decisions when required, and the ability to achieve the given task in hand by using the available skills and competencies of the team members. The second composition which is very important for any work team is that how the team has been made. Here the capabilities of people and their personalities are taken in to account where they are allocated to different and most suitable roles for them.