ARTICLE: The Impact of Information Technologies on Education

It has been seen in educational studies that icons, photos and other visual symbols are important for the early development of reading and learning, since they facilitate the development of speech, writing and reading. Since computers / iPads are composed of icons; many children feel that these electronic devices help them and they are very accessible to them.

However, critical areas in the preschool early learning circle must always be respected. Music, dance, visual arts, physical activities, exposure to nature and the construction of social skills are areas that should not be compromised.

The secret of being able to integrate technology into preschool classrooms is to see it as any other tool or material to teach specific skills and concepts. The use of technology in schools is supposed to expand, enrich, implement, individualize, differentiate and extend the curriculum.

Education experts say that the iPad is not just a fun toy, but a very powerful tool that is changing the face of education. The needs of development and learning in the early years are very well coupled with the appropriate use of technology in the classroom, especially using iPads. In this way, students can learn by exploring in a way that promotes collaboration and communication for more effective learning.

Studies show that children show diversity in their learning styles and that the optimal way for them to learn is more than just in a traditional way where a teacher verbally directs the teaching. All educators must be more sensitive in terms of teaching these different learning styles, especially when there is a population of students as diverse as in our Latin American countries.

Many of these development and learning needs are coupled well with the appropriate use of technology in the classroom, especially exploring, with the manipulation of symbolic representation, using alternative learning styles and adjusting the modalities of each learning that the student can control and adjust to meet your individual needs.

There is also a danger that the technology may be used inappropriately in the classroom, but for that, there is adequate and periodic training for teachers. You have to have professionals who can select applications, programs and internet sites appropriate for the development of those ages. It is also very important that parents are involved in teaching their children at home, in what refers to technology. They should know how to put restrictions on their children so that they learn to take advantage of it. They should also be taught digital ethics, which is the power to distinguish the right from the wrong in this area, either with social networks, or sending texts and even not copy information from the Internet without citing where it came from.

In many preschool programs, a lot of technology is already being used and this is being a new platform to prepare students for their future. Some of the benefits of the implementation of technology in basic education are the following:

  • Technology makes learning more interactive and less boring. Improves students' attitudes towards. Knowledge and their interest in learning.
  • Technology offers opportunities to control learning.
  • Technology can help students investigate and answer complex questions, develop new thinking skills and access, evaluate and synthesize information.
  • Technology can help students set goals, form and test hypotheses.
  • Technology offers tools to share knowledge and learn as a team instead of individually.
  • Technology makes students more efficient and organized.

The audiovisual infrastructure and the computer equipment alone do not promote change, education is once again the motor that will indicate the best use of ICTs and that can make the behavioural changes that are pursued in educational programs. Such programs are now aided by technological innovations as applications that allow the student to learn to read and comprehend reading, the teaching of mathematics, natural sciences and other subjects.

To combat the digital divide and educational lag, it is not enough for governments to take technology to remote areas that do not have access, but it is also necessary that technology is accompanied by very useful applications that help improve education and therefore the quality of life of people. It is important that the efforts are aimed at improving the educational levels of basic education through attractive and fun computer tools so that our children and youth learn and understand reading, mathematics and logic with Software that captures their interest.