ARTICLE: The concept of Team development in Organizational Behavior

We human beings cannot live in isolation and neither we can work alone. We need to work in teams because everything cannot be done single-handedly by one person alone. For the organisations to run smoother individuals, have to come together and work towards a common goal. Coming together different individual with a shared interest make a group or a team. There is a minor difference between a group and an organisation.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A GROUP AND A TEAM

In both of them, different people come together but there is a significant difference between them, and that difference is the goal on which they are working. In a group, the people have a shared idea and thee people focus on carrying out a cohesive purpose. For example, a Facebook group made of interest in travelling or food. The people in that group will have the same interest that is of exploring new places and trying out new cuisines. But people here do not have to share a goal of going somewhere together necessarily. But when we talk about a team, there is a common purpose of the people comprising that team. For example, we have a football team where all the players having different talent and capabilities play for achieving one target, and that is winning the game.

THE WORK TEAMS

There are workgroups as well as work teams in the business organisations. A workgroup comprises of the individuals with interdependent accomplishments, but they might not be in the same department. Hence they do not work for achieving the same goal, but their work is necessary to support the process of the other individuals in the group.

On the other hand, the work teams comprised of the members who have to work interdependently to achieve a common goal. The work teams work for achieving a specific target and also share the outcome of their efforts. There are many other aspects of work teams like :

  • In work teams, the leader does not control the Instead, he/she work as a facilitator. The leader does not dominate the
  • The team members can actively participate in the work teams and discuss the procedures, strategies and outcomes of the specific
  • The team members take central decisions according to the demand of the situation.
  • A high performing work team is a formal set up with a focused objective, and the members have a participative

THE TEAM DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

The teams have to go through a series of stages to become a fully developed team which can produce results. It takes time for the teams to developed and get mature. The trust, cooperation, collaboration teamwork and interdependence to perform a task efficiently are the prerequisites of the team formation. There are four significant stages of team building which are described as below:

  1. The First Stage: Forming

As this is the first stage of the team building process, the members meet and try to know each other. The environment remains formal, and the team members observe the behaviours and attitudes of other people. There can be a confusion in the team members; mind about the purpose of their being in the team. Forming stage is where the participants decide upon their shared goals and mission statements on which they have to work together. The individuals establish the boundaries here in the forming stage, and they also determine that what is exactly expected put them individually as well as a team. The companies can conduct an ice-breaking session to make the participant comfortable with each other. Here the member starts knowing each other and they start jelling with other people of the team.

  1. The Second Stage: Storming

At this stage, the team members start discussing the project, and different ideas start coming in. At the storming stage, the conflicts can arise due to the disagreements. Here individuals begin noticing the difference instead of the similarities. The leaders or managers should take care to keep communicating with the team members at this stage. Many members cannot take the load and can drop out of the team which can be very harmful to the overall performance. The tension among the participants will increase and to combat this situation the leaders should devise tactics to keep them motivated. Usually acknowledging the accomplishments in front of the whole team proves to be beneficial here.

In the storming stage, the team members start showing their actual working style, and their real attitudes also start coming up. Getting impatient, disagreeing with other persons’ point of view and probing in the specialised area of someone else is the everyday happenings in this stage of team development. Controlling the functioning and the behaviour of the team becomes the most critical concern of the leaders here.

  1. The third stage: Norming

Then the next step of norming comes, and here the team members start recognising the similarities of each other. They understand that it's their team and they have to work together to achieve the given target. Getting social is a significant change which starts showing up in the norming stage. The leader as to encourage them to be comfortable with each other and the help of some training program can be taken to do that. The importance of this team formation and the focus on the goal is important criteria to be taken into consideration during the third stage of the team development.

  1. The Fourth stage: Performing

After getting acquainted with each other in the forming phase, now they are ready to perform their specific tasks and achieve results for them to attain the overall goal of the team. Here the members are well trained, and they focus on their problem-solving. The team becomes completely mature at this stage, and the individuals here know their roles and responsibilities very clearly. Moreover, they shift their focus from other activities to achieve their targets in hand. The team should be kept motivated at this stage by encouraging and rewarding the high performances. The leaders should also recognise the growth attained by the team, and they must be given new challenges to conquer together. This is the most productive phase of the team development, and the companies should make the best use of such mature and self-motivated teams.