Practices of societal mental health attitudes

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Current attitudes of mental health disorders in Australia

The citizens were often uncertain about the way to respond to the term “mental health”. The attitude of Australian citizens was mixed on the topic of Mental Health Disorders. In most cases mental health disorder is considered as a negative term and people used to call such people as crazy, being unable to cope, being out of touch, Hillcrest and Morrisett. Even with the presence of these facts, the acceptance rate of this issue is higher in Australia as compared with other countries.

Current attitudes of mental health disorders in India

India is facing a serious crisis over mental health and this statement is given on the basis of some evidences. As per the current report of WHO (World Health Organization), around 56 million people are suffering from anxiety disorders and depression issue. In India, the common cause of committing suicide is considered as mental distress. The response of Indian citizens over mental illness related issue is quite judgmental.

Compare and contrast the care practices for those with mental disorders in both countries

In India

  • To assure the accessibility of minimum mental healthcare for the foreseeable future and especially the underprivileged sections of the population.
  • Shifting effective services and resources from mental hospitals to the community mental health facilities.
  • Integrate the mental health services into primary care to offer best and high quality healthcare services to the patients suffering from mental disorder.

In Australia

  • The position statement of NMHC (Australian National Mental Health Commission’s) states the seclusion and restraint in mental health of the patients who are suffering from mental disorder.
  • Around 45% of Mental health related hospital’s separation with specialized psychiatric care.
  • 9 mechanical restraint events and around 7.4 seclusion events per 1,000 bed days.

Specific mental disorder from DSM-5

Schizophrenia is one of the brain disorders that directly affect the thinking way of an individual, his feelings and perceive. This mental disorder is characterized by the continuous disturbances in perceptions, thoughts and behaviour of the individuals. This mental disorder has several behavioural, cognitive and behavioural symptoms. Delusions, Disorganized speech, Hallucinations and Catatonic behaviour are main criterion related with the diagnosis of schizophrenia.

Differences in attitudes towards the disorder in each country

In Australia, the attitude of citizens towards an individual who is suffering from any mental disorder is positive at some extent whereas the person with mental disorder in India is completely neglected by the individuals around him.

Common treatment processes in each country for the specific disorder

Antipsychotic medicines can be taken by the patients who are suffering from Schizophrenia mental disorder in Australia. Moreover, they can also consult with various psychologists for treatments like- Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). On the other hand,

In India, second-generation antipsychotics can be taken by the individuals suffering from mental disorder such as- Brexpiprazole (Rexulti), Quetiapine (Seroquel), Aripiprazole (Abilify) and Risperidone (Risperdal). Psychosocial interventions are also used for the treatment process of Schizophrenia mental disorder.

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