5G Technology: Standardisation and Features

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5G Technology: Standardisation and Features

5G refers to Fifth Generation Network wireless topology which offers high speed of the Internet, IoT (Internet of Things) capability, low latency and many more things. It provides the bearer many new applications and services of the network (Gohil, Modi & Patel, 2013). It provides a high level of network performance as compared to 4G network topology. 5G technology has driven the need to provide ubiquitous connectivity for various applications and services.

5G Standardisation

In the current scenario, 5G technology for a cellular network is the development stage and most of the organizations are looking into this technology. In addition, there are various universities which have set up research on 5G technology for developing the 5G capabilities (Maksymyuk, Klymash & Minho Jo, 2016).

Performance Target

5G technology in line with IMT-2020 specification is expected to enhance devices and network capability level. The following table shows eight parameters for IMT-2020 5G technology (Niu, Li, Papathanassiou & Wu, 2014).

Capability

Explanation

5G target

Usage scenario

Energy efficiency

Data sent/received per unit energy consumption

Equal to 4G

eMBB

Mobility

Maximum speed for QoS and Handoff requirements

500 km/h

eMBB/URLLC

Spectrum efficiency

Throughput per unit wireless bandwidth and per cell of the network

3–4x 4G

eMBB

Latency

Radio network contribution to packet travel time

1 ms

URLLC

Area traffic capacity

Total traffic across coverage area

1000 (Mbit/s)/m2

eMBB

Connection density

Total number of devices per unit area

106/km2

MMTC

User experienced data rate

Achievable data rate across the coverage area

1 Gbit/s

eMBB

Peak data rate

Maximum achievable data rate

20 Gbit/s

eMBB

5G Technology Features

  1. It provides 10 years of battery life too low power IoT devices
  2. 10 Gbps of the data rate that is 10 to 100x enhancement over 4G and 4.5G networks
  3. 90% reduction with network energy usage
  4. Latency of 1m
  5. 100% coverage
  6. 1000x bandwidth per unit area (Agiwal, Roy & Saxena, 2016).
  7. 999% availability
  8. Up to 100x number of connected devices per unit area
  9. This technology provides 25 Mbps of connectivity speed
  10. This technology is globally accessible
  11. It supports a virtual private network

 

Comparison between 4G and 5G Network

4G

5G

It supports data band in Mbps.

It supports data band in Gbps.

It refers to the fourth generation of mobile communication technology.

It refers to the fifth generation of cellular mobile communication technology.

It provides 100Mhz of bandwidth per frequency.

It provides 28Ghz of bandwidth frequency.

It provides wearable devices and dynamic information.

It also supports wearable devices with AI capabilities and dynamic information access.

The speed of 4g is high as compared to 3G technology (Ferrag & Maglaras, 2018).

5G technology includes dialling speed, large phone memory and the user can connect the 5G phone with a laptop for high internet access.

The speed of 4G is increasing as per the demand of the user and as per the services.

The 5G technology high speed of data with efficient use bandwidth which is available.

It supports CDMA multiple access.

It supports CDMA and BDMA multiple access.

For error detection in this technology 4G, concatenated codes are used.

There are very high services of 5G technology which is used for error detection.

5G Communication System

  1. 5G New Radio, 5G NR

5G new radio is another name of 5G radio access network. This includes various different components which are required for new radio access. It uses a flexible technology system which is able to respond to the various different and change the requirements of mobile users.

  1. 5G NextGen Core Network

The initial installation of a 5G network uses the core network of the LTE or even 3G network. However, the main aim is to make a new network which handles a high amount of data volume and lower latency.

 

References

Agiwal, M., Roy, A., & Saxena, N. (2016). Next Generation 5G Wireless Networks: A Comprehensive Survey. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials18(3), 1617-1655. Retrieved from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414384

Ferrag, M., & Maglaras, L. (2018). Security for 4G and 5G cellular networks: A survey of existing authentication and privacy-preserving schemes. Journal Of Network And Computer Applications101, 55-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jnca.2017.10.017

Gohil, A., Modi, H., & Patel, S. (2013). 5G technology of mobile communication: A survey. 2013 International Conference On Intelligent Systems And Signal Processing (ISSP). Retrieved from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6526920

Maksymyuk, T., Klymash, M., & Minho Jo. (2016). Deployment strategies and standardization perspectives for 5G mobile networks. 2016 13Th International Conference On Modern Problems Of Radio Engineering, Telecommunications And Computer Science (TCSET). Retrieved from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7452235

Niu, H., Li, C., Papathanassiou, A., & Wu, G. (2014). RAN architecture options and performance for 5G network evolution. 2014 IEEE Wireless Communications And Networking Conference Workshops (WCNCW). Retrieved from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6934902

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