Agile Project Management: Scope, Advantages and Disadvantages
1. What is agile project management?
Agile project management is basically an approach based on delivering the requirements iteratively and incrementally throughout the project life cycle. It is one of the revolutionary methods which is used by the organizations to manage all the processes of the project. Agile is one of the largest project management methodologies which are applied by the people in developing the software in an effective manner (Rouse, 2011). There are different types of processes that are used by organizations in developing and fulfilling the business requirements to achieve business goals. Some of the methodologies include waterfall, agile, prince2, PMBOK etc. For developing more flexible and accurate software, organizations use agile methodology. Agile is considered as an umbrella term which is used to identify different models for agile development such as Scrum. Agile project management is one of the specialized areas in project management which helps the organizations to perform all the activities for developing the project successfully. Agile project management approach allows the project manager of an organization to deliver high-quality work and high-priority. All the inconsistent results can easily be managed with the help of an agile project management approach. It is important for the project manager to consider the agile project management to fulfill the needs and demands of all the stakeholders by delivering a good quality project. The complexity of the project can easily be reduced by considering agile project management approach because it helps the project manager to divide the whole project into smaller sections and perform the activities by evaluating cost and time constraints.
2. Work of agile project manager
Entire team members are responsible for making the project with the help of an agile methodology. It is not just that the project manager is the only stakeholder who has the responsibility of making the project appropriately. Agile project management ensures that there is no delay in the management decision making. It helps in retaining the spirit among all the team members of an organization which further helps the organization in developing the project properly and accurately. The project manager is able to coordinate all the activities by using agile project management approach which helps in achieving the business goals and objectives (Alexander, 2018).
3. Difference between agile project management and waterfall
Waterfall and agile are the main project management methodologies that are commonly used by organizations to achieve business objectives. Customer collaborates over contract negotiation, prototyping over comprehensive documentation, interactions over tools and processes, and response to the changes in structured plan are the four main aspects that highlight the differences between agile and waterfall.
· Agile project management is iterative and adaptive.
· Changes in the project can be made at any stage of the project.
· It requires minimum documentation. Documentation is done only when required.
· It provides flexibility to oversee the project development
· Waterfall project management is sequential, predictive and planning oriented.
· Changes cannot be made at any stage of the project.
· Documentation is required to elaborate each phase of the project.
· It provides limited flexibility because all the products are based on documented requirements
4. Advantages of agile project management
Managing all the processes of the project through agile provides sponsors, project team, project leader and customers specific benefits. Some of them are:
- Managing the project activities through agile helps in developing the solution in less time.
- Agile management helps in reducing waste through minimizing the resources
- Agile project management increases the flexibility and adaptability to change.
- Agile project management provides faster turnaround time.
- It becomes easy to optimize all the development processes in an effective manner.
- Agile project management approach increases the focus on the needs of the customers and develops the project in an appropriate manner.
- Agile project management helps the organizations to increase success through more focused efforts.
- It also increases the frequency of feedback and collaboration which helps in delivering the project appropriately (HAUNTS, 2014).
5. Disadvantages of agile project management
Some of the disadvantages of using agile project management while developing the software are:
- Agile project management approach is not suited for each project. Thus, management has to first identify the best methodology for each situation.
- Agile project management approach may not work if the team members of the organization are inexperienced. Because all the stakeholders are involved in the successful development of the project.
- Some of the organizations may face problem while adopting an agile project management approach. It may create difficulty to fulfill the demands of the customers who have rigid processes or operating methods (Bull, 2015).
- Alexander, M. (2018). Agile project management: A comprehensive guide. Retrieved from https://www.cio.com/article/3156998/agile-development/agile-project-management-a-beginners-guide.html
- Bull, N. (2015). 5 advantages and disadvantages of agile project management. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/5-advantages-disadvantages-agile-project-management-nich-bull
- HAUNTS, S. (2014). ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT. Retrieved from https://stephenhaunts.com/2014/12/19/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-agile-software-development/
- Rouse, M. (2011). Agile Project Management. Retrieved from https://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/Agile-project-management